Periodontology (gum treatment)
Periodontology (gum treatment)
A periodontist is a highly specialised doctor with qualified knowledge and skills in treating inflammatory gum diseases such as stomatitis, gingivitis, periodontitis, peri-implantitis and diseases of the oral mucosa.
Treatment of gum diseases
One of the most common services for adult patients is the treatment of aphthous stomatitis. In the past, only children were affected, but now the infection is increasingly common in the adult population.
Stomatitis is an inflammation of the epithelium of the oral mucosa. Small painful pimples appear on the gums, tongue, inside the cheeks. Failure to treat such inflammation in time leads to:
- the appearance of hidden foci of infection in the mouth;
- the development of a chronic form of stomatitis in adults, which is poorly treated;
- the development of an aphthous form of the disease with deep lesions of the tongue and oral mucosa.
Periodontitis is a dangerous inflammatory disease. Our teeth are surrounded by what is called periodontitis. This layer of connective tissue provides nutrients to the bone, the jaw and helps the tooth to hold firmly in the gums. Connective tissue can become inflamed for various reasons.
The disease manifests itself as bleeding gums, painful sensations when chewing and discomfort at rest. If you do not see a doctor in time, you will have to be treated for periodontitis, an infectious disease that rarely passes without complications.
Gingivitis is an inflammatory disease of the gums. It is considered to be the most common: both young people (up to 25 years of age) and older patients often suffer from this disease.
Gingivitis often requires treatment in adults due to poor oral hygiene. In a favourable "unclean" environment, bacteria start multiplying at triple speed. As a result, gingivitis develops near the tooth and needs to be treated urgently.
The consequences of gingivitis can be:
- bleeding gums;
- pain when chewing;
Peri-implantitis is an inflammation of the tissue around the implant that causes progressive loss of the supporting bone. Peri-implantitis is an infection accompanied by soft tissue and bone damage in the resorption area of the dental implant and bone. Peri-implantitis is one of the most common causes of dental implant loosening. Full treatment of peri-implantitis is carried out in several stages:
- Stage 1: removal of plaque and elimination of inflammation;
- Stage 2: cleaning of the implant surface and bone grafting. In some cases, removal of the implant is necessary.
Frequently asked questions
If the gums bleed - what can I do to get rid of it?
Bleeding gums are a serious sign that problems are developing with the periodontal tissues, which puts you at risk of tooth loss. If you notice bleeding, swelling, red gums or pus coming out of the gums, you should urgently consult a periodontist.
What can cause bleeding gums?
Bleeding gums are a consequence of inflammation, which in turn is caused by toxins from pathogenic microflora. Porphyromonas gingivalis, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans and Tannerella forsythia are considered to be the most aggressive. All these bacteria are Gram-negative anaerobes that reside in the periodontal pocket and cause aggressive forms of periodontitis and tooth loss.
The gums are swollen and painful. What is the cause? What to do?
The most common cause of swollen gums is inflammation. The exact cause and treatment methods can only be determined by a doctor examining the patient. After a dental examination, the appropriate treatment is prescribed. In the case of swollen gums, we recommend that you see a dentist or periodontist immediately to prevent tooth loss.
How often should dental hygiene be performed?
The world's most authoritative periodontal organisations, such as the European Federation of Periodontology (EFP), recommend professional teeth cleaning every 6 months.
Periodontal consultation + periodontal chart100,00 €
Primary periodontal professional oral hygiene + periodontal chart130,00 €
Complete oral hygiene90,00 €
One session of periodontal treatment - anaesthesia, tartar removal, root polishing, gingival pocket curettage, medication application (per quadrant)150,00 €
SRP /one tooth/18,00 €
Peri-implantitis treatment100,00 €
Use of an individual set of sterile instruments4,90 €